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The purposes of the Manitoba English Language Arts Curriculum Framework: A Living Document (October 2019) are to:
- support, nurture, and inspire the learning growth of all learners
- provide direction for learning design and assessment
- set out the philosophical and pedagogical foundations for English language
- describe multiple ways that students engage in practices at various points in
- present the four English language arts practices and their characterizing elements.
English language arts provides opportunities for learners to use interrelated
practices that are specific to the discipline and that also transfer across
disciplines. Identifying language learning by practice rather than skill
clarifies how language can be used for a variety of interconnected purposes.
The four English Language Arts practices are:
- When learners practise using language as sense making, they bring what
they know from other experiences and texts and use them to understand and
compose meaningful texts. Learners would ask the following:
- How do I understand what I hear, read, and view?
- How do I communicate to others when I write, represent, and speak?
- When learners practise using language as a system, they use what they know
about how language operates and how the codes can be used to understand
and compose meaningful texts. Learners would ask the following:
- How do I use what I know about how language works to read, write,
represent, listen, speak, and view?
Language as Exploration and Design
- When learners practise using language as exploration and design, they make
choices regarding the purpose and function of meaningful texts to help
them uncover new ways of thinking and doing. Language is used to deepen
their current understanding of topics both of a curricular nature and from
individual interests, while also seeking ways to imagine and reimagine.
Learners would ask the following:
- How do I use texts to inform me about topics, ideas, and issues?
- How do I use language to create new ideas, solve problems, extend my
knowledge, and communicate those ideas to others?
Language as Power and Agency
- When learners practise using language as power and agency, they understand
that all texts represent a particular way of thinking and that language can
privilege some voices while silencing others. This understanding encourages
them to question, interrogate, and reimagine meaningful texts. Learners would
ask the following:
- How does what I hear, read, and view influence what I think?
- How do I use language to influence others when I write, represent, and
- How do I decide what and whose stories to tell?
Each practice is characterized by Elements
. These represent how the
practices are generally played out from Kindergarten to Grade 12. The elements
can provide a focus for instruction, and students enhance and deepen their
practice by improving their use of these Elements
The Manitoba English Language Arts Curriculum describes learning in Grade Bands. The Grade Bands (Kindergarten to Grade 2, Grades 3 to 5,
Grades 6 to 8, Grades 9 to 12) support teacher teams, individual teachers,
and multilevel teachers in taking a more longitudinal view of learning and
planning for learning. The Grade Bands provide support for teachers in
planning for, teaching, and assessing student learning at various points along
the continuum. Grade Bands recognize that learning develops over time
and across multiple contexts.