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Course:  Biology30S (1 credit)

Prerequisite: Science 20F

Biology 30S offers an introductory study of human anatomy, physiology, wellness and homeostasis. The course is divided into six units and two overall themes; wellness and homeostasis. Wellness refers to the connectedness or balance between the different aspects of a person’s life that makes them “well’ including; physical [health], spiritual, emotional, intellectual, social and environmental parts of a person’s life. Homeostasis refers to processes that maintain the body’s internal balance regardless of the external changes in the environment.

Focused Units:

  • Wellness and Homeostasis:  Includes a review of cells, but focuses on how material moves in and out of cells
  • Digestion and Nutrition: Includes biochemistry of foods we eat, nutrition and the digestive system
  • Transportation: Includes both the respiratory and circulatory systems
  • Excretion and Waste: Focuses on the urinary system
  • Protection and Control: Includes the immune, nervous and endocrine systems
  • Wellness and Homeostatic Changes:  Includes societal and ethical issues related to controlling our wellness, death and dying

Students considering Biology 30S should have successfully completed Science 20F. Biology uses a lot of vocabulary while exploring the structures and functions of the human body. Students who will be successful in Biology 30S will need to have developed good study skills and critical thinking skills and problem solving abilities. Students will be expected to complete homework and/or be studying classroom materials daily.

Biology 30S students will create a Wellness Portfolio. The purpose of the Wellness Portfolio is to help students to personalize the human body content of Biology 30S, learn more about their medical histories and how their body works, to collect data on how their body is performing, to analyze how well they are taking care of themselves, and to make decisions about their own lifestyle to promote their wellness. 



Course:  Biology40S (1 credit)

Prerequisite: Science 20F

Grade 12 Biology is driven by specific learning outcomes arranged around the themes of genetics and biodiversity. These are the “big ideas” presented to the students with intent to stimulate student interest and allow for more in-depth inquiry. Students continue to work on gaining the relevant knowledge, and at the same time develop skills (process skills, critical thinking skills, independent learning skills) and attitudes (respect, appreciation, reflection) that are important to scientific inquiry.
The grade 12 biology students will be given opportunities to demonstrate their acquired learning, skills, and attitudes and their abilities to connect what they have learned and the real world through major assignments.
Details break down of the course is as follow:

Part 1: The Principles of Inheritance


       Unit 1: Understanding Biological Inheritance - This unit explores heredity and how traits are inherited, and genetic diseases and their patterns of inheritance.

       Unit 2: Mechanisms of Inheritance -  This unit focuses on  the mechanisms of inheritance including DNA, genes and chromosomes

Part 2: Evolution and Conservation of Biodiversity

       Unit 3: Evolutionary Theory and Biodiversity - This unit focuses on Darwin's theory of evolution and the development if new species and adaptations

      Unit 4: Organizing Biodiversity - This unit focuses on the nature of classification systems and evidence used to classify organisms

      Unit 5: Conservation of Biodiversity - This unit focuses on the conservation of biodiversity and its role in maintaining sustainability and biodiversity




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