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Social Studies - Grade 11

History of Canada


This course is based on a curriculum that uses a skill-based inquiry approach to focus on Enduring Understandings with less memorization of content. You will apply Historical Thinking Concepts, and engage in inquiry on selected historical content as you focus on the Enduring Understandings in each Learning Experience.


The Historical Thinking concepts area a way to involve you in thinking critically about history. You will treat this course as an educational subject in which you are “doing” history. Engaging in historical thinking will enable you to properly understand the subject matter of history and will make the study of history much more interesting than simply finding and memorizing information.


The six Historical Thinking concepts are:

·         Establish historical significance (why we care, today about certain events, trends, and issues in history)

·         Use primary source evidence (How to find, select, and contextualize, and interpret sources for a historical argument)

·         Identify continuity and change (What has changed and what has remained the same over time)

·         Analyze cause and consequence (How and why certain conditions and actions led to others)

·         Take historical perspective (Understanding the “past as a foreign country” with its different social, cultural, intellectual, and even emotional contexts that shaped peoples’ lives and actions)

·         Consider ethical dimension of history (This cuts across many of the other concepts: how we, in the present, judge actors in different circumstances in the past; how different interpretations of the past reflect different moral stances today; when and how crimes of the past bear consequences today)




The course is organized into the following 5 clusters which include learning experiences (LEs) to guide you on your study:


Cluster 1: First Peoples and Novelle-France (to 1763)

This cluster is composed of three Learning Experiences through which you will explore the First Peoples of Canada, the way they lived, and how they interacted with the French and other Europeans who came to North America.


Cluster 2: British North America (1763-1867)

This cluster has three LEs in which you will investigate the impact of British Colonial rule, changes brought about by the fur trade, the rise of the Métis and European settlement, and events surrounding Canadian Confederation in 1867.


Cluster 3: Becoming a Sovereign Nation (1867 – 1931)

This cluster has four Les in which you will explore why the Métis resisted the westward expansion of Canada, the impact of territorial expansion, immigration and industrialization, the changing relationships with First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples and how Canada was shaped by the First World War.


Cluster 4: Achievements and Challenges (1931-1982)

This cluster has four LEs in  which you will investigate how Canada sought to establish economic security and social justice, how creating national institutions contribute to Canadian identity, how Canada’s involvement with the Second World War shaped its international image and how the debate over the status of Quebec challenged Canadian Federalism.


Cluster 5: Defining Contemporary Canada (1982-present)

This cluster has four LEs through which you will explore how Canada has been shaped by the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and other changes, the ongoing debates around national unity, how First Nations, Métis, and Inuit are seeking a greater degree of self-determination, and how Canada’s international relations have changed in recent year.


You will be assessed using a variety of techniques including assignments, student self-checks, reflective journaling, rubrics and checklists to ensure that the curriculum outcomes are being met.






Daily work and assignments                                       70%

Major assignments / projects, tests and quizzes          30%



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