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Period Info

Loyalist Recipe

Johnny Cakes
1/2 cup Flour 125 ml
1/2 cup yellow cornmeal
1/8 cup white sugar
2 tsp. baking powder
1/3 tsp. Salt
1/2 Cup buttermilk
1/8 cup vegetable oil
1 egg
1. In a bowl, combine the flour, cornmeal,sugar, baking powder, and salt.
2. In a small bowl, beat, vegetable oil and egg.


Who Were the Loyalists?

The United Empire Loyalists came from many countries and many professions. These countries included Britain, Germany, France and Holland. They were doctors, lawyers, merchants, landowners, and farmers. There were also Native Loyalists: Mohawks, Hurons, and Mohicans, and Iroquois. Some black slaves also became Loyalists.Of the colonists, 1/3 were Loyalists, 1/3 were patriots and 1/3 did not care.


Life in Upper Canada

Women usually made clothes for everyone in there family. All the sewing was done by hand because machines had not been invented yet. Often a woman had one fine dress and a man had one well- tailored suit.
These good clothes were worn on special occasions only and were kept for many years.


Other clothes were mended and patched as long as possible...When they could no longer be used as clothes , they were cut into strips and woven into rugs. Nothing that had taken so much time and effort would be wasted.



It was important for early settlers to successfully hunt partridge and quails as well as deer and bear. They depended on these sources of food to survive the winter months. The Settlers thought that squirrels were "capital eating." Tom looks forward to going hunting when he is older. Meanwhile he pretends his pups are trained foxhounds ready to charge !!!.
When George pulled the trigger, a small hammer hit a copper cap, making a spark that ignited the gun powder. The exploding gun powder propelled the bullet out of the barrel. If the gun wasn't properly loaded, it could burst causing a serious accident.


George practiced shooting at a log set up as a target. When he finished, he had to pry out the bullets with his knife and set them aside to be recast into new bullets. Lead was too expensive to waste.



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